Cervical Cancer Screening and Prevention

Screening

Regular Pap screening decreases cervical cancer incidence and mortality by at least 80 percent, according to the National Cancer Institute. HPV tests also can be provided to women over age 30 once every three years and to women with inconclusive or abnormal Pap test results.

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Prevention

In addition to receiving regular Pap tests and, if appropriate, HPV tests, women can further reduce their risks of cervical cancer by not smoking, using condoms during sex, limiting their number of sexual partners, and avoiding the long-term use of oral contraceptives.

Girls as young as 9 to women age 26 can also receive the cervical cancer vaccine, which protects girls from certain types of HPV known to cause cervical and other kinds of cancer.

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